How to connect different database in ASP.Net

Connect database in ASP.net

How to connect database in ASP.net?

ADO Database Connection

Create a DSN-less Database Connection

The easiest way to connect to a database is to use a DSN-less connection. A DSN-less connection can be used against any Microsoft Access database on your web site. If you have a database called “northwind.mdb” located in a web directory like “c:/inetpub/wwwroot”, you can connect to the database with the following ASP code:

<%set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")conn.Provider="Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0"conn.Open "c:/inetpub/wwwroot/northwind.mdb"%>

Note, from the example above, that you have to specify the Microsoft Access database driver (Provider) and the physical path to the database on your computer.

Create an ODBC Database Connection

If you have an ODBC database called “northwind” you can connect to the database with the following ASP code:

<%set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")conn.Open "northwind"%>

With an ODBC connection, you can connect to any database, on any computer in your network, as long as an ODBC connection is available.

An ODBC Connection to an MS Access Database

Here is how to create a connection to a MS Access Database:

  1. Open the ODBC icon in your Control Panel.
  2. Choose the System DSN tab.
  3. Click on Add in the System DSN tab.
  4. Select the Microsoft Access Driver. Click Finish.
  5. In the next screen, click Select to locate the database.
  6. Give the database a Data Source Name (DSN).
  7. Click OK.

Note that this configuration has to be done on the computer where your web site is located. If you are running Personal Web Server (PWS) or Internet Information Server (IIS) on your own computer, the instructions above will work, but if your web site is located on a remote server, you have to have physical access to that server, or ask your web host to do this for you.

The ADO Connection Object

The ADO Connection object is used to create an open connection to a data source. Through this connection, you can access and manipulate a database.

ACE OLEDB 12.0 (Access 2007)

Standard security Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source=C:inetpubwwwrootmyAccess2007file.accdb;Persist Security Info=False; With database password This is the connection string to use when you have an Access 2007 database protected with a password using the “Set Database Password” function in Access. Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0; Data Source=C:inetpubwwwrootmyAccess2007file.accdb; Jet OLEDB:Database Password=MyDbPassword;

DataDirectory functionality
Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;
Data Source=|DataDirectory|myAccess2007file.accdb;
Persist Security Info=False;

ODBC(SQL Server 2000, 7.0)

Standard SecurityDriver={SQL Server};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername;Pwd=myPassword;

Trusted connection

Driver={SQL Server};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object’s Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.

oConn.Properties(“Prompt”) = adPromptAlways

Driver={SQL Server};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;

OLE DB, OleDbConnection (.NET)

Standard Security
Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User Id=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

Trusted connection

Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;

Use serverNameinstanceName as Data Source to use a specific SQL Server instance. Please note that the multiple SQL Server instances feature is available only from SQL Server version 2000 and not in any previous versions.

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.

Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=myServerNametheInstanceName;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First set the connection object’s Provider property to “sqloledb”. Thereafter set the connection object’s Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.

oConn.Provider = “sqloledb”
oConn.Properties(“Prompt”) = adPromptAlways

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;

Connect via an IP address

Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;.

DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP. This is how to use TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes. At the end of the Data Source is the port to use. 1433 is the default port for SQL Server.

Disable connection pooling

This one is usefull when receving errors “sp_setapprole was not invoked correctly.” (7.0) or “General network error. Check your network documentation” (2000) when connecting using an application role enabled connection. Application pooling (or OLE DB resource pooling) is on by default. Disabling it can help on this error.

Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;OLE DB Services=-2;

SqlConnection (.NET)

Standard Security
Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User Id=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

Standard Security alternative syntax This connection string produces the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;Trusted_Connection=False;

Trusted Connection

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;

Trusted Connection alternative syntax

This connection string produce the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=True;

Use serverNameinstanceName as Data Source to use a specific SQL Server instance. Please note that the multiple SQL Server instances feature is available only from SQL Server version 2000 and not in any previous versions.
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Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.

Server=myServerNametheInstanceName;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=True;

Trusted Connection from a CE device

Often a Windows CE device is not authenticated and logged in to a domain. To use SSPI or trusted connection / authentication from a CE device, use this connection string.

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;User ID=myDomainmyUsername;Password=myPassword;

Connect via an IP address

Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP. This is how to use TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes. At the end of the Data Source is the port to use. 1433 is the default port for SQL Server.

Specifying packet size

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;Trusted_Connection=False;Packet Size=4096;

By default, the Microsoft .NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server sets the network packet size to 8192 bytes. This might however not be optimal, try to set this value to 4096 instead.

SQLXMLOLEDB.

Using SQL Server Ole Db

The SQLXML version 3.0 restricts the data provider to SQLOLEDB only.

Provider=SQLXMLOLEDB.3.0;Data Provider=SQLOLEDB;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User Id=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

Data Shape

MS Data Shape

Provider=MSDataShape;Data Provider=SQLOLEDB;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

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